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Publication details
Authors M.BarniF.BartoliniV.CappelliniA.Piva
Title A DCT-domain system for robust image watermarking
Abstract Digital watermarking has been proposed as a solution to the problem of copyright protection of multimedia data in a networked environment. It makes possible to tightly associate to a digital document a code allowing the identification of the data creator, owner, authorized consumer, and so on. In this paper a new watermarking algorithm for digital images is presented: the method, which operates in the frequency domain, embeds a pseudo-random sequence of real numbers in a selected set of DCT coefficients. After embedding, the watermark is adapted to the image by exploiting the masking characteristics of the Human Visual System, thus ensuring the watermark invisibility. By exploiting the statistical properties of the embedded sequence, the mark can be reliably extracted without resorting to the original uncorrupted image. Experimental results demonstrate that the watermark is robust to several signal processing techniques, including JPEG compression, low pass and median filtering, histogram equalization and stretching, dithering, addition of Gaussian noise, resizing, and multiple watermarking.
Publication Signal Processing, Special Issue in "Copyright Protection and Access Control for Multimedia Services"
Typology International Journal Papers
Date May 1998
Other info vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 357-372, 
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